From Concept to Execution: A Comprehensive Guide to Setting Up Drip Irrigation Systems in Bangladesh

Drip irrigation is an efficient and cost-effective method of delivering water directly to the roots of plants, reducing water wastage and increasing yields. In Bangladesh, where water resources are limited, drip irrigation is an ideal solution for smallholder farmers seeking to save time, money, and water.

Here is a comprehensive guide to setting up drip irrigation systems for smallholder farmers in Bangladesh.

1. Identify the Crops and Land

The first step is to identify the crops that will be irrigated and the type of soil in the area. The system needs to be designed based on the water requirements of the crops. Also, the land should be surveyed to assess the availability of water sources and topography.

2. Determine the Water Source

The next step is to determine the water source for the system. Water can be sourced from wells, ponds, rivers, or rainwater harvesting systems. The water should be filtered to remove debris, sand, and other impurities that can clog the system.

3. Select the Drip Irrigation Components

The drip irrigation system comprises several components, including drippers, filters, pipes, valves, and other fittings. The components should be chosen based on the size of the farm, the type of crops, and the water source. Drip tapes are typically preferred in Bangladesh due to inexpensive price.

4. Design the System

The system should be designed based on the crops, topography, and water source. The design should include the layout of the pipes, the placement of the drippers, and the location of the main valve. The design should also take into account the seasonal changes in water availability and the irrigation needs of the crops.

5. Install the System

The system should be installed by a team of trained technicians. The installation process involves laying out the pipes and fittings, installing the drippers, and connecting the system to the water source and main valve. The technicians should test the system for leaks and ensure that the water pressure is adequate.

6. Maintenance and Operation

The drip irrigation system needs regular maintenance to function efficiently. The filters should be cleaned regularly to prevent clogging, and the system should be checked for leaks and other damages. The farmers should also be trained on how to operate and maintain the system to ensure its longevity.


Setting up drip irrigation systems is an excellent solution for smallholder farmers in Bangladesh seeking to increase yields while conserving water and reducing labor costs. A well-designed and maintained system can increase crop yields by up to 30% while reducing water usage by up to 70%. By following the steps outlined in this guide, smallholder farmers in Bangladesh can set up efficient and cost-effective drip irrigation systems.

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